1150 years of the great scientist

    Әл-Фараби 1150

    In the late XIX century, early XX century, in the beginning of XX century in early XX century in early XX century in early XX century in early XX century in early XX century in early XX century, in the first half of the XX century, in the first half of the twentieth century, in the first half of the XX century, in the first half of the twentieth century, in the first half of the XX century, in the first half of the twentieth century, in the first half of the XX century, unfortunately, many of these flight sea spiritual works have disappeared and only reached 40 years of achievements in our time. Scholars and thinkers in Asia, Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Beruni, Bojani, Omar Khayam, and others.b. Abu Nasr al-Farabi considers himself to be a disciple. Abu Ali Ibn Sina said: "Greek metaphysics, which previously could not understand, has fully read the book of al-Farabi."Abu Nasr al-Farabi was born in 870, when it was one of the major cities in the world. Al-Farabi, the teaching-the desire for knowledge, the first, first thoughts about ushkyndary the birthplace of Otrar, in the library appeared his remarkable. He then went to the city of Shash, Samarkan, Bukhara, Khorasan, Bagdat, Damchik (Damascus), Cairo. He died in 950 in the city of Damshik.Al-Farabi made a significant contribution to the development of global thought through the treatises" the pearl of wisdom"," a treatise on the essence of the mind"," the output of science"," explanation of the works of Aristotle". Therefore, the people called him "the Aristotle of the East". He wrote a deep analysis and explanation of the works of Aristotle, Plato, Galen, and thinkers of ancient times. Al-Farabi also did not pay attention to the social, social and ethical sphere. For example, in the work "on achieving happiness" promotes:" one of its ways is to master science, knowledge." And in the treatises "views of the Merciful urban population" the analysis of a number of public, social, and ethical problems is carried out. The city is a state here. To this day, the ideas about the appearance of the state in this work, the appearance of inequality in it, the moral appearance of the ideal people of the city, the moral qualities necessary for city governors, and the fact that each person must live as a whole society to achieve happiness are still relevant. The book of poems, devoted to the theory of wise literature, says that in a deep inner sense, a beautiful poet is formed. Famous scientists of the country A. Margulan, A. Kobesov, R. Berdibay, A. Kasymzhanov, A. Derbisali and others took part in the study of al-Farabi's heritage. In 1975, in Moscow, the book "al-Farabi in the history of culture" ("al-Farabi in the history of culture") by the famous orientalist B. Gafurov and A. Kh.Kasymzhanov in Russian caused a great leap among scientists engaged in the study of Arab-Muslim philosophy and culture, farabit. The novel "the return of the teacher"by a well-known writer and public figure Anuar Alimzhanov was also received with great interest.Within the framework of the "Cultural heritage" program, developed under the leadership of the Head of state N. A. Nazarbayev, the publication of ten-volume works of al-Farabi is of great importance. In 1991, the Kazakh national University was named after Abu Nasir al-Farabi. In 1993, the al-Farabi research center was opened at this University. In recent years, al-Farabi readings have been held at the University. Currently, the main University has a specially created al-Farabi Museum. In 2000, with the support of the Governor of South Kazakhstan region B. Saparbayev, the 1130th anniversary of al-Farabi was celebrated at the international level in Shymkent. A special prize established by the mayor and the certificate of the al-Farabi award No. 1 was awarded to al-Mashani. Scientific conferences of national significance dedicated to Abu Nasir al-Farabi are held every five years in the Otrar region of our ancestors ' native land. In the center of the Otyrar district in the village of Shaulder, the monument to Abu Nasir al-Farabi was opened. The district has a Museum of spirituality named after Abu Nasir al-Farabi. In 2017, a delegation led by the mayor of Otyrar district A. Kurtaev, an Oriental scholar A. Derbisali at the al-Farabi cemetery in Damascus-Damishka brought the land of the Otrar region and brought soil from the grave at the Mausoleum of Arystanbabababababab in Otrar. Today, this land has become a Holy place where many pilgrims stop. In 2007, the government of the Republic allocated funds for the construction of the al-Farabi mausoleum in the city of Damascus. However, due to the situation in recent years in Syria, construction was suspended.In 2020, it will be 1150 years since the birth of the great thinker, Aristotle of the East, a famous countryman of Abu Nasir Muhammad Ibn Tarhan Ibn Uzlag al-Farabi. I think that the international scientific and theoretical conference dedicated to the 1150th anniversary of farabiyah should include such events as collecting the noble heritage of our ancestors from the world's libraries, translating it into Kazakh, Russian, English, installing monuments in the cities of Astana, Almaty, Shymkent, Turkestan, naming streets, schools, villages, districts, cities, creating a multi-series feature film, opening a special research Institute for the study of the heritage of al-Farabi.

    Sabina KUANDIKHOVA, student of Истр-41 group

     

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